Debate Challenge (Day1 to Day10)

新型コロナウイルス感染症の対策で、外出自粛中の生徒のみなさん向けに、
この度、PDAでは、ディベートスピーチの課題を作成いたしました。
全10種類のPMスピーチを提供します。
LOスピーチ作成課題に、ご自由にお取組みください。

※Day1 PM (Prime Minister) 150 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “Homework should be abolished”.
We have two points: The first point is “free time” and the second point
is “decrease burden on teachers”.
I will explain the first point of “free time”. We believe that if
homework were to be abolished, we could have more free time. As a
result, we could do more of what we really wanted like club activities,
hobbies, or playing with friends. In my case, I go to tennis club after
class until 5:00 pm and then I go to cram school until 8:00 pm. After
this full day, I arrive at my home around 8:40 pm to eat dinner and take
a shower. At nearly 10:00 pm I start my homework. I have a lot of
homework. As a result, I go to bed late at night at nearly 1:00 am in
the morning and I don’t have the opportunity to sleep for a long period
of time. It is not healthy.
Therefore, homework should be abolished. Thank you.

※Day2 PM (Prime Minister) 194 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “Homework should be abolished”.
I am going to make two arguments: First, forcing students to do homework
will make them passive in character, rather than active. Secondly,
abolishing assignments can reduce teachers’ workloads.
Let me start with the first argument. Some people may think that
students should be given homework so that they can learn what to do.
However, this is harmful to students because a school is not a place
where students only learn to study. It is also where they learn how to
live and manage their own lives. Once they graduate from school and
start a career, they no longer have a “teacher” who will always take
care of them and manage what they need to do. Students will have to
think about what they need to do by themselves. If students are always
given homework, they will always be waiting for instructions and
guidelines from teachers and cannot think about what they need to do by
themselves. In order to avoid this, homework should be abolished so that
students can study on their own initiative.
Therefore, for these reasons, homework should be abolished. Thank you.

※Day3 PM (Prime Minister) 169 words
Hello everyone. Today, we are given the motion that homework should be
abolished.
We defined that homework for primary students should be abolished. We
have two points: First, some students tend to dislike studying.
Secondly, we have more effective learning ways than homework.
Let me explain our first argument. Some students tend to dislike
studying but are obliged to do homework and most of students are not
enthusiastic about homework. Studying, in fact, is not something to be
obliged but rather for satisfying intellectual curiosity. Imagine
one-year old babies. They are always looking around, crawling from
corner to corner, and touching, even biting, everything unfamiliar to
them. In this way, they learn new things and expand their understanding
of the world. That’s how studying should be. It’s not good for students
to be obliged to study by their teachers or parents. Being obliged will
lead to problems between family. That’s one of the reasons some students
tend to dislike studying.
That is why homework should be abolished. Thank you.

※Day4 PM (Prime Minister) 224 words
Hello everyone. Today, we are given the motion that homework should be
abolished.
We strongly support this motion. Before explaining our arguments, let me
define the motion. We are going to talk about homework in every school
in Japan.
We have two points in our argument. The first point is “harmful efforts”
and the second point is “decreasing teacher’s burden”.
Let me explain our first argument. Our claim is that homework has
harmful efforts on educational development of school students. Some
students have memorized the incorrect way to study with homework. I’ll
give you some examples. In high school, students have lots of things to
do, like hobbies, club activities, part-time jobs and so on. So how do
students who have little time to do homework deal with it? Some of them
do homework during class, which is inefficient not only with regard to
the homework but also to the class. In a worst-case scenario, they copy
it from their classmates. Of course, it means that they would learn
nothing. But they receive a passing score as long as they finish
homework without understanding how to properly study. Who thinks
homework works adequately in these situations? We should abolish
homework in order to let students understand the right and wrong ways to
study.
For all these reasons, we strongly support the motion. Thank you.

※Day5 PM (Prime Minister) 241 words
Hello everyone. Today’s motion is “Homework should be abolished”.
We argue that all elementary schools should abolish homework because we
believe that it is the responsibility of “schools” not “home” to teach
all the necessary and important lessons, including academic content, to
students. That is the perspective from the government.
Let me explain our two points: The first point is the “responsibility of
schools” and the second point is “increasing creativity”.
The first point “responsibility of schools” means we believe that the
role of schools is to teach children the basic skills to live in
society. For example, elementary school kids should be taught how to
write letters, construct sentences, read, count numbers, calculate, and
so on. Homework is study that is done at home. Of course, we don’t deny
the importance of voluntary study at home, but that should not be forced
by schools. In many cases, elementary school students can’t finish
homework by themselves, so guidance from their parents is necessary. If
you see these situations, you can easily understand that homework merely
increases the gap between children who have support from a parent and
those who have not. Therefore, schools should take responsibility for
children’s academic skills in the first place. What we should do in
precious, limited time is to study in a manner that is meaningful. And
studying meaningfully should be done “at school” for fairness and
effectiveness.
That’s why homework should be abolished. Thank you.

※Day6 PM (Prime Minister) 150 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “High school students should have
part-time jobs”.
We have two points: The first point is “social experience” and the
second point is “earning money”.
I will explain the first point “social experience”. We believe that a
part-time job is a good opportunity to have social experience. Students
would have communication with superiors or customers at their part-time
jobs. They can’t have these real experience in school life. In school,
students communicate almost exclusively with students of the same age.
Part-time jobs would be a new experience for students and they could
learn a lot from it. It is the same as studying. Working is a very
important experience for high school students and they would use this
experience when they work in real life. After graduating high school,
this experience will be important and useful.
Therefore, high school students should have part-time jobs. Thank you.

※Day7 PM (Prime Minister) 166 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “High school students should have
part-time jobs”.
I have two arguments to make: First, with a part-time job, students can
learn what they otherwise cannot at school. Second, part-time jobs teach
students the importance of money.
The first point is that, through a part-time job, students can learn
what they cannot at school such as responsibility and manners. For
instance, a student working at a convenience store may be responsible
for using the money of the store. Moreover, as a staff of the store, he
or she needs to learn some manners. These are what a student cannot
learn at school. A school is a small community, and students will only
interact with their friends or teachers. In such a small community, they
will not be able to learn important things such as the responsibility
and manners as an adult. Therefore, doing a part-time job is beneficial
for students.
For those reasons, high school students should have part-time jobs.

※Day8 PM (Prime Minister) 225 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “High school students should have
part-time jobs”.
With regards to the topic, we have two points: The first point is that
students can think about their career options by experiencing a variety
of jobs. The second point is that they can learn about social etiquette
and responsibility with part-time jobs.
Now I’ll explain the first point. There are many occupations in this
world, but students have never known the actual circumstances about the
jobs that they dream of in their classrooms. Therefore, high school
students have difficulties deciding what to choose amongst those many
occupations. Full-time workers cannot leave their jobs easily.
Meanwhile, part-time workers can do that much easier. They can
experience different jobs in the short-term and doing so will not have
negative impacts on their future careers because it is a part-time job,
after all. In this way, high school students can consider their future
occupations while working as part-time workers. Also, students can learn
how education in schools can be applied to real-life jobs. For example,
if they work for an accounting company, they will realize the importance
of applied mathematics and statistics. That helps them to decide what
major to pursue or what skills they wish to acquire in university or
other institutes.
For these reasons, part-time jobs for high school students are necessary.

※Day9 PM (Prime Minister) 269 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “High school students should have a
part-time job”.
First, we are going to talk about Japan. We have two points: The first
point is why high school students will improve academic abilities. The
second point is why the high school students will become more responsible.
I will explain the first point. We believe that a part-time job can
allow a student to connect what they learn in school with what they can
experience in society. As a result, the students can realize how
significant and necessary it is to learn in school and therefore be
motivated to learn more. But if they don’t have part-time jobs, they
study academic subjects without feeling any necessity to learn because
they have no deep experience in a real world social environment where
they can apply that knowledge. For example, in English classes, students
merely memorize many different words and grammatical items because they
don’t feel it necessary to use this knowledge of language in a real life
environment. Thus, we need to build a bridge between what students learn
in school and reality. Suppose high school students worked at a
convenience store. They would see many immigrant workers and they would
talk with many of them in English. Those real experiences can give them
the motivation to utilize English classes more in school. This is very
important because a part-time job is the only way for high school
students to experience what is occurring in society and why they need to
learn academic subjects.
For these reasons, high school students should have a part-time job.
Thank you.

※Day10 PM (Prime Minister) 175 words
Hello everyone. Today’s topic is “High school students should have
part-time jobs”.
We have two points. The first point is “Feeling importance of money”.
The second point is “Social experience”.
I will explain the first point “Feeling importance of money”. We believe
that a part-time job is a good opportunity to feel importance of money.
When we live, money is necessary. However, as long as a student is
financially supported by a family or orphanage, he/she doesn’t
understand how much money is actually necessary for living and how hard
it is to earn the money. By doing part-time job, he/she will understand
the reality of earning money. That means not only the experience of
working and getting money, but also the process to get a part-time job
such as preparing CV, bank account and having an interview. From those
whole experiences, students learn the importance of money. It leads to
notice the importance of time and studying at the end of the day.
That’s why the experience of having part-time job is meaningful. Thank you.

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(Day1)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf6HCHW9xwOQ7EJ8CxRQZu6MDiIX0aYbVuZABSXHwPCuiT1cw/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day2)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeIUFSyyZpvzVdp6xsRoxqfDllabZD6Hfs1NHq7ANEIhlQ3hA/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day3)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf3LbspE_9-phpTszqs4hps84ONThr6NsEsAVbM9t7dEhxBqw/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day4)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfqX2K_85HDDmW46Z2yqKQ_lF-yKTWOfhnYJ46fsw_ciFH5_A/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day5)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSekY1Yr4qzibBMVJA78FzRdSu0RvgiAcuFFmZBmKvgDny_fYg/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day6)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf7di5qBXYmqVUdNZcOyLm-n8kt-Mjdl7Vdqcfn8aqPeIAroA/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day7)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSe9bQJeGhjdhCYzvwB1c3k8jyNwdbowHskf4HG7Nf1bY-c-xg/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day8)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeptV0G5EfY9vowH_NE6KSilLgspj90yRSQj9BirAfxtMeDqA/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day9)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfu-uJLNmH1jTnzfSKKkYQA-2OJnRFAdxz3G5wXN8A9lyonYQ/viewform?usp=sf_link

(Day10)
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSe9BKU7r26ro1T6YuLil8tsVBpkAeFIMElSzy0o4s7Uj6DOoQ/viewform?usp=sf_link